13 déc 2015

CPF(mlm) - Statement 79 - About COP21

Submitted by Anonyme (non vérifié)

The 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference finished yesterday its works, publishing a document expressing the final point of view of the countries of the world about climatic change and what should be done about it. This document is practically a guideline until the year 2100.

We wish to express immediately here, not our concerns about the proposed solutions, but our rage and our hate against the perpetrators of the ecocide that the Biosphere is facing. The final document of the COP21 is shameful, equivalent to a crime, which has to be punished in the most severe way.

We say : the Earth is facing an overall aggression, with senseless destructions on a gigantic scale and in the next fifty years, we will need a tribunal to judge this crime and punish the criminals, exactly like with the Nuremberg trials.

The Biosphere demands justice – we shall realize it in punishing the enemies of it. This will be a great task of the 21th century and this is a substantial part of the revolutionary program.

Those enemies of the Biosphere are not the humans considered as a species, but precisely the bourgeoisie and its capitalist mode of production, its semi-feudal semi-colonial allies, their common vision of the world, their values, their disrespect for life.

It is necessary to understand how the capitalist mode of production gave birth to a huge ideological superstructure serving its existence and its expansion. The thirty pages of the COP21 final document of the reflects this ideology.

In it, we find only five times the word “ecosystems”; the words “planet”, “ocean”, “biodiversity” are mentioned only one time and the words “nature”, “animals”, “ecology” are not even present.

Deforestation is considered only as an aspect global warming; forests and ecosystems are mainly taken in account as CO2 “sinks and reservoirs”.

There is no balance analysis of the effects of climate change already produced in Nature. The final document doesn't call for such an analysis, it just “invites” to understand the impact of global warming in 2100, taking even only the weakest projection:

“Invites the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change to provide a special report in 2018 on the impacts of global warming of 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways”

Lien vers le dossier : Vladimir Vernadsky et la biosphère

It means that the life of billions of living beings just have not be taken in account until yet, and it won't.

Moreover, there is no consideration about the lifestyle of humanity, no understanding of the nature of the capitalist mode of production which has no sustainability and which can only engulf everything helping him to produce commodities and workers' exploitation, even life itself.

Climatic change should not be seen through the eyes of an anthropocentric humanity seeing itself as separated from the rest of the material world !

Therefore, those enemies of the Biosphere are also the usurpers who pretend to defend ecology when in fact they protect things that are a part of the general system attacking our planet, from vivisection to hunting, from golf to private jets, from factory farms to zoos, from deforestation to general urbanization, from nuclear power plants to weapons of mass destruction.

Lien vers le dossier : La vie, la matière, l'univers

We say : it would be foolish not to understand the link between the massive use of animals as livestock, deforestation to support this, and the general destruction of the environment producing global warming as a side effect.

The capitalist mode of production can't understand this; it always takes the simplistic approach, it has no sense of long-term and can't seize the principle of planning. It can only prefer short-term nuclear and fossil fuels to solar energy that has to be planned. That is why the question of ships and planes in the production of CO2 is not mentioned in the COP21 document.

We need for this reason a proletarian cultural revolution, to break with those old values, these old habits, and to make us the children of the sun ; we need to assume the great democratic national heritage of each country, to develop it, to unite to form the World Socialist Republic.

The hypocrisy of the COP 21 is such that, even if it knows that the countries pledges to reduce greenhouse gas emissions will at least increase the global temperature in 2100 to 3°C above pre-industrial levels, it pretends that its aim is to limit it to 2 °C or even 1,5 °C :

“Emphasizing with serious concern the urgent need to address the significant gap between the aggregate effect of Parties’ mitigation pledges in terms of global annual emissions of greenhouse gases by 2020 and aggregate emission pathways consistent with holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2 °C above preindustrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 °C”

“Notes with concern that the estimated aggregate greenhouse gas emission levels in 2025 and 2030 resulting from the intended nationally determined contributions do not fall within least-cost 2 ˚C scenarios but rather lead to a projected level of 55 gigatonnes in 2030, and also notes that much greater emission reduction efforts will be required than those associated with the intended nationally determined contributions in order to hold the increase in the global average temperature to below 2 ˚C above pre-industrial levels by reducing emissions to 40 gigatonnes or to 1.5 ˚C above pre-industrial levels by reducing to a level to be identified in the special report referred to in paragraph 21 below”

The COP21 presents no solution to make mandatory new pledges from the countries of the world ; no legal obligations are planned neither. Its final document has not even already a legal basis, as it has to wait for a couple years for it:

“This Agreement shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the date on which at least 55 Parties to the Convention accounting in total for at least an estimated 55 percent of the total global greenhouse gas emissions have deposited their instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.”

Even then, any country can withdraw its endorsement three years afterwards:

“At any time after three years from the date on which this Agreement has entered into force for a Party, that Party may withdraw from this Agreement by giving written notification to the Depositary.”

Lien vers le document : PCF(mlm) / Pour une démocratie populaire

In the same way, the “developed countries” are to send $100 billion each year according a map that has to be decided before 2025 and has no legal binding until this; a five-year review is also to be done and the responsibilities of each country are considered as possibly changing through “Different National Circumstances”.

For all of these reasons, as Communist Party of France (Marxist Leninist Maoist), we say that what should have been done at the COP21 was, at least and without restricting the tasks which are for us the core of the revolutionary program :

1. The worldwide cessation of deforestation and the worldwide establishment of wildlife sanctuaries;

2. The banning of nuclear energy and a program to dismantle it; the organization by the U.N. of a worldwide program for energy, based on the use of solar energy, hydropower and wind power;

3. The immediate socialization (without contreparties) by the masses of the hundred monopolies producing the half of the production of CO2 (Chevron 3,5% of it, ExxonMobil 3,2%, BP 2,1% Total 0,8%, but also Coca-Cola, Danone, Nestlé, Unilever, Kellogg, etc.), to be able to change their production and the way it is made;

4. The creation of a worldwide TV channel explaining the situation of nature and wildlife;

5. A obligatory pack of lessons at school to know the material reality of the use of animals as food, on all aspects: moral, economic, ecological (as it is the source of 18% of the worldwide anthropic CO2 emission);

6. A call for a U.N. meeting in the next two years to check how wildlife was affected by the anthropic activities;

7. A call for a U.N. meeting in the next two years having the ocean as only topic, with the goal of making it the most possible a sanctuary.

8. The creation of a U.N. Scientific Commission to publish official reports, having a legal basis, about anthropic CO2 emission of each country;

9. The creation on each continent of a super-institute working on climate change;

10. The recognition of the concept of Biosphere elaborated by Vladimir Vernadsky.

These points are a mere utopia as long the monopolies decide the fate of the world, and not the world masses. Nevertheless, we are confident that the world masses, guided by the working class of each country, shall make the world revolution and recognize the Biosphere, as dialectical Materialism demands it