40 years ago, fascism in Chile crushed the “peaceful way to socialism”, on the 11 of September 1973. But it is not only the fact that the counter-revolution was armed that was the problem for the masses – what counted as the main aspect is that the masses were disarmed, not organized in the form of the People's War.
This is a basic understanding of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution: the movement of the masses must be organized in a protracted manner, so that the power stays firmly in their hands in an armed manner, to struggle on all levels, ideologically, culturally, militarily, against the counter-revolution. This is the sense of the slogan: PEOPLE'S WAR UNTIL COMMUNISM !
The defeat of Salvador Allende was therefore not the defeat of the “revolution” in general, of socialism, but of the reformist program, in fact bureaucratic capitalist of the government of the Unidad Popular (People's Unity).
The Unidad Popular in Chile was a “reformist” movement based on a fraction of the bureaucratic bourgeoisie, by sectors of the urban petty bourgeoisie, which wanted to make the country quit the submission of the US imperialism, moving in the direction of the class collaboration under the flag of the “republic”, but in this moved in the direction of the soviet social-imperialism.
The coup d'Etat of General Augusto Pinochet on the 11 of September 1973 was so the peak of counter-revolutionary activity (armed attacks, sabotages, hundred of bomb attacks against railroads, bridges, pipelines, etc.) sponsored by the US imperialism, which led in parallel an economical blockade against Chile to make fail the government.
On the other side, Allende's government went more ans more into the submission of the Soviet social-imperialism, with Fidel Castro even staying one month in the country to comment the situation.
It is to stress that Salvador Allende was not the leader of a revolutionary mass movement, but the manager of social reforms from the top since 1970, forming a new bureaucratic bourgeoisie submitted not the US, but to the soviet social-imperialism, who formed strong economical and military links with Allende's regime.
The reformist dimension of Allende goes with the attempt of a bureaucratic fraction to use the situation to abuse the masses and try to sell itself to the soviet social-imperialism.
And this situation was already well known by the genuine communists in Chile, who understood Maoism and the nature of their country. Formed in 1966, notably with David Benquis (Camarada Velásquez), the Revolutionary Communist Party analyzed the situation on a scientific basis.
The Revolutionary Communist Party understood that the masses were trapped between what was reformism in appearance, and the US sponsored fascism on the other side. The bureaucratic bourgeoisie of Allende was strictly against the fact that the masses were armed; Allende's government even made a strict law against the possession of arms, limiting the right to have weapons to the people in uniform: the police and the army, who will support then Pinochet.
The Revolutionary Communist Party tried to warn the masses against the illusions produced by Allende and the activities of the pro US fascist structures, whereas on the other side, the revisionist “communist party” was supporting Allende, pretending to support the national bourgeoisie, when in fact it was helping to build a pro soviet social-imperialist bureaucratic bourgeoisie.
Because of this, the genuine communists rejected also after 1973 the revisionist line of the “communist party” of Chile, who organized an armed reformism with the “Frente Patriótico Manuel Rodríguez“.
In the 2000's, the Union of the Communist Revolutionaries (MLM) produced then numerous documents to unmask revisionism and the line of Allende.
This shows the value of the Maoists of Chile, and it is to note that the Revolutionary Communist Party played an important role in the founding of the Maoist international structure, the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement, and that the Union of the Communists Revolutionaries (MLM) rejected very early prachandism and the peace agreement in Nepal.
The question of Allende is important to understand that there is no third way for a semi-colonial country between submission to an imperialism and People's War. It is only the People's War that can destroy the roots of feudalism, basis for the possible penetration of imperialism. In this sense, Hugo Chavez was only a new Allende.
Long live the Maoists of Chile and their struggle for the Revolution of New Democracy, long live the lessons of their struggle !
People's War until communism !